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Pain During Intercourse

The causes of Pain during intercourse may be due to:

Dyspaerunia

Vaginismus

Dyspaerunia

The pain due to Dyspaerunia may occur repeatedly either before, during, or after sexual intercourse. It is one of the common problems in women. It can be primary or secondary, it may also be classified superficial or deep, or as diffuse with every partner or situational i.e. with particular partner. In one study approximately 9% women suffer with pain during sex. In many cases it disturbs the family life also. This vaginal/ genital pain may occur due to various below mentioned causes.

Causes may be:
1.) Hormone disorder: In which female hormones are less some other sex stimulating hormone are disturbed. These hormone disorders may be due to any of the following causes:
Hypothalmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, 
Prolactinomas, Empty sella, Sheehan syndrome, Panhypopituitarism, Inflammatory /infiltrative 

Ovarian lesions : Granulosa-theca cell, Brenner, mucinous/serous cystadenomas, Krukenberg. mumps oophoritis, Resistant ovary (Savage syndrome), Autoimmune disease.

2.) Defect in uterus or vagina : Narrow vaginal openings or small vagina,Labial agglutination/fusion, transverse
      vaginal septum, Complete androgen resistance (testicular feminization).

3.) Infections: in genital tract or vulvae vestibule, vulvo-vaginitis.

4.) Less lubrication due to various reasons as hormone deficiency.

5.) Vaginismus: i.e. painful involuntary contraction of vaginal introitus i.e. opening & vaginal all.

6.) Sexual aversion disorder

7.) Connective tissue diseases leading to dryness

8.) Psychological problems: as depression & other psychiatry disorders

9.) Sex centre disorders so that proper signal of sexual excitation does not comes from the sex centres so that pre 
     sex secretion does not occurs.

10.) Sicca syndrome

11.) Idiopathic 

12.)  Neoplasm's of vagina.

13.) Any ulcerative lesions of vagina as chronic lichen planus, herpese genitals.
 
14.) Pemphigus vulgaris of vagina.

15.) Decreased blood supply to vagina due to various medical conditions can lead to diminish vaginal lubrication,
       pain during intercourse

16.) Vulvar vestibulitis.

17.) Restrictive upbringing, Inadequate sexual information, early insecurity in psychosexual role.

18.) Vaginal stenosis, vaginal scarring, post surgical problems, retroverted uterus, organic diseases of uterus,
       endometriosis, adenomyosis, tubes or ovaries, chronic pelvic inflammatory diseases, urethral diverticulum

19.) Idiopathic vulvodynia.

20.) Atrophic vaginal mucosal atrophy.

21.) Sexual aversion disorder & female sexual arousal disorder

Primary Cause of pain during sexual intercourse: Due to any of the above causes patient may first time feel pain during sexual act. Once a women get pain due to any of the above causes as hormone disorder or decreased pelvic blood supply or any other cause virtually all woman develop following three things, these three factors further worsen the pain during sexual activity, and these are called secondary factors. 

These secondary factors are as follows:

1) Fear of pain: In this the moment lady thinks of going for sex, She starts fearing that, I may get pain again thus she start getting anxious about pain during sex. This fear decreases her confidence leading to further worsening of the pain. Many times due to this fear patient starts avoiding sex & his desire for intercourse decreases.
2) Anxiety due to anticipation of pain: Woman develops severe anxiety before real sex. Patient develops obsessive concern for pain during sex i.e. whether or not She can do the sexual activity without pain & can keep his partner satisfied. This performance anxiety can be cured by sex therapy in few sittings.
3)So by sex therapy, the patient is taught how to avoid fearing and become free of fear of failure & performance anxiety.
4)So above secondary problems hinder into normal recovery of sexual function even if the original cause may have been cured. 

After correcting primary cause also sometimes pain during se does not disappears, because these secondary factors interfere with normal sexual functioning. If these factors are also removed by sex therapy, sexual functioning soon becomes normal. The new, intensive team treatment of sexual dysfunction has revolutionized sex therapy. In most cases, for cure of pain during sexual intercourse detailed sex counseling & sex therapy is necessary.

DIAGNOSIS OF CAUSE Of PAIN DURING SEX 

First step in proper treatment of pain during sex is accurate diagnosis of cause of her pain during sex. So we first try to find out cause. We take detailed history, thorough sex counseling and physical examination by female doctor, examination genitals. After that depending on likelihood of particular, cause relevant tests are done at our centre. Thus you may consult us at our centre & at same time you may get all test done also. The time taken in getting all the reports ready is 36 hours. So if you are from out of Delhi, you may come here for two days. 

DETAILED HISTORY:

Onset: We take detailed history, as for quality of pain whether is at the introitus, superficial or deep inside, whether it is mild, moderate or severe pain. Then we decide whether it occurs all the time only during sexual activity. How is the response of previous treatment. Response to previous therapy, Libido, Stress (physical or mental), History of precipitation by some drugs.

Presence of hypertension, heart problems, claudication, trauma, diabetes, Secondary. Sexual Characters, Hypothyroidisms / Hyperthyroidisms & Galactorrhoeas, Symptoms of sensory loss. 

EXAMINATION OF GENITALS:
We examine whether any Sexual Development defect is present or not. For this vaginal size is measured by vaginometer or Genitometer (if patient is outstation then by radiological tests). The vagina is examined for some local problem. Status of female hormone is assessed by examination of various estrogenic signs. Galactorrhoeas & features of other hormones disorders are checked up. Blood supply of penis is assessed by, palpating dorsal penile artery of penis. Nerves supplying the female genitals examined by sensation testing, Deep Tendon reflexes.
Then other systems are examined.

INVESTIGATIONS i.e. DIAGNOSTIC TESTS:
At our centre we have all the facility for complete investigation of cause of pain during coitus & other difficulties. So we perform following tests, step by step depending on their need based on history & examination.

The various diagnostic tests needed/performed are as follows: - 
Step 1 - HORMONE TESTING
Various Female sex hormones & other associated Hormones are tested by latest-immunoassay techniques. These hormones includes total Estradiol, Estriol, Prolactin, LH, FSH, T3, T4, TSH others as Cortical, E2, Free testosterone SHBG etc. Among above tests relevant hormones are tested in that particular patient. Results are available in 36 hours. When we find out any of above hormones disorder simply correction of these hormone disorder corrects the pain problems in two months time. Blood glucose & other systemic tests are also done.

Step 2 - ULTRASOUND SCANNING
Ultrasound scanning is done to decide whether any type of local problem is present or not, accordingly treatment is prescribed. 

Step 3 - SEX COUNSELING
After detail discussion with our female sex therapist, we try to finds out the root cause of pain problem then we treat accordingly. For counseling we take detail history of sexual development, her thoughts, her misconception about sex, her old experience in sex, her unconscious fears about sex. This counseling session unravels all the hidden psychological causes of sexual pain disorder.

Step 4 -  OTHER TESTS (If required)
1) Pelvic Nerve Testing:
By conduction and sensory testing (NCV, EMG). 
2) Psychoanalysis:
To find different factor leading to psychogenic pain disorder.
3) Detailed Sex Counseling 

TREATMENT OF PAINFUL INTERCOURSE
After diagnosing the cause of pain during sexual intercourse, we prescribe medicines that patient has to purchase herself from any medical store & give the sex therapy session. The success of various drugs we use depends on accurate diagnosis of cause.

The various treatment options for patient with impotence are:
1)
Hormone Therapy
2) Anti-in-effective drugs
3) Sex Therapy 

 Hormones Therapy:
Hormones therapy is given to cure the hormone problem.
1)Hormones Therapy: Estrogen treatment is given when deficiency of hormones are found. Hormone therapy usually cures the Hormone problem in 2 to 3 months time and they do not have any adverse effects as they given to only those patients in whom some hormone disorder is found.
2) Anti-in-effective drugs: The anti-microbial treatment is indicated whenever the infection is found.
3) Sex Therapy: The various sex therapy is offered by sex therapist leading to permanent sex therapy.
4) Other drugs found effective are anti-inflammatory, serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
Response of Treatment: As we have fully dedicated team of highly qualified, experienced, doctors, sex counselors, sex therapist, who are expert in field of sexual problems, we get cure in almost all cases. After finding the cause of pain during sexual intercourse by above tests it is cured in most patients by two months treatment.
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These are the various hospitals in Delhi & NCR are: Moolchand Health Care, St. Stephen’s Hospital, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, G.B Pant Hospital, Lok Nayak Hospital, RG Stone Urological Reasarch Institue, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Jeevan Hospital, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Hospital, Orthonova Hospital, Batra Hospital, Sahi Hospital, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Holy Faimly Hospital, Jeevan Mala Hospital, Jaipur Golden Hospital, Lady Harding Hospital, Smt. Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, Mata Chanan Devi Hospital, Safdarjung Hospital, Mohindra Hospital, M.P Heart centre Hospital, Bara Hospital, Hindu Rao Hospital, Holy Angels Hospital, Shankar Hospital, Holy Family Hospital, Chopra Hospital, Escorts Hospital St. Stephen's Hospital, Vardaan Hospital, Visitech Eye Hospital, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Safdarjung Hospital, Lok Nayak Jai Prakash (LNJP) Hospital, Private Hospital, Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Kalra Hospital, Bangalore Baptist Hospital, Bowring Hospital, B W Lions Eye Hospital, Bangalore Hospital, Bangalore Children's Hospital, Genesis Hospital, Lakeside Hospital, M G A Hospital, Mallya Hospital, Manipal Hospital, Sindhi Charitable Hospital, Yellamma Dasappa Hospital, Sir Harkisandas Narottamdas Hospital, Prince Alikhan Hospital, Saifee Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, Habib Ismail Hosptal, Kalajyot Hospital, Motiben Dalvi Hospital, Bombay Hospital, Corwest Jain Clinic Group of Hospitals, D.S. Kothari Hospital, Lotus Hospital, Elizabeth Hospital, Bhatia Hospital, The Bomanji Dinshaw Petit Parsee Hospital, Cumbala Hill Hospital, Noor Hospital, K.B. Haji Bachoali Charitable Ophthalmic & ENT Hospital, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hspital, Nawroji Wadia Maternity Hospital, Wadia Hospital, Yerla Medical Trust Hospital, Tarachand Bappa Hospital, Dhanwantari Hospital, Shri Samasta Parajiya Suvarna Hospital, Smt.B.C.J. General Hospital, Smt.B.C.J. General Hospital, Holi Spirit Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, The Bandra Holy Family Hospital, Raheja Hospital, Gurunanak Memorial Hospital, Ramakrishna Mission Hospital, Radhibai Watumull Global Hospital, BSES Hospital, Sushrut Hospital, LH Hiranandani Hospital, Maganlal Popatlal & Sarvoday Hospital, Rajawadi Municipal General Hospital, Shatabdi Hospital, KBB Hospital, V.N. Hospital, Dr.K.B. Babha Hospital, Cooper Hospital, Bhagwati Hospital, Sion Hospital, K.E.M. Hospital Nayar Hospital, Kama Hospital, G.T. Hospital, J.J. Hospital, Sr.George Hospital, Aliganj Hospital, Blue Cross Hospital, Getwell Hospital, Krishna Lok Hospital, Lucknow Hospital, Medwin Hospital and Health Centre, Vivekanand Hospital, G.M.Associate Hospital, Dufferin Hospital, Civil Hospital, Communicable/Infectious Diseases Hospital Lifeline Hospital and Heart Centre, Lucknow Hospital, Shalimar Hospital, Rajendranagar Hospital Tuberculosis Hospital, Lucknow Rajpoot Hospital, Nishat Hospital, Z A Chartable Hospital, Indira Gandhi Eye Hospital, Sitapur Eye Hospital, Awadh Hospital and Heart Centre, Balrampur Hospital, Cantonment General Hospital, Civil Hospital, Dr.Shyama Prasad Mukherjie Hospital, Fatima Hospital, G.M.Associate Hospital, K.K.Hospital, Veerangana Jhalkari Bai Female Hospital, Shekhar Hospital, Queen Mary Hospital, Osmania General Hospital, Gandhi Hospital, Government Maternity Hospital, Nilofar Hospital, Cancer Hospital, T.B. Hospital, Hospital for Mental Diseases, Sarojini Devi Hospital, Sundram Medical Foundation, Chennai. MIOT Hospital, Chennai. Apollo Hospital, Madras. Malar Hospital Limited, Gandhi Nagar Adyar, Chenni. Calcutta Medical College Hospital. N.R.S. Medical College & Hospital, Calcutta. R.G. Kar Medical College & Hospital, Calcutta. Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital, Instt. of Postgraduate Med. Education & Research, Calcutta Seth S.K.M. Hospital, Calcutta. Sambhu Nath Pandit Hospital, Calcutta. Lady Dufferinvictoria Hospital, Calcutta. Howrah General Hospital, Howrah, Hoogly Sadar Hospital, Hoogly, Chittaranjan Seva Sadan & Chittaranjan Cancer Hospital, Ramakrishna Mission Seva Pratishthan General Hospital, Calcutta.Sir Harkisandas Narottamdas Hospital, Prince Alikhan Hospital, Saifee Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, Habib Ismail Hosptal, Kalajyot Hospital, Motiben Dalvi Hospital, Bombay Hospital, Corwest Jain Clinic Group of Hospitals, D.S. Kothari Hospital, Lotus Hospital, Elizabeth Hospital, Bhatia Hospital, The Bomanji Dinshaw Petit Parsee Hospital, Cumbala Hill Hospital, Noor Hospital, K.B. Haji Bachoali Charitable Ophthalmic & ENT Hospital, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hspital, Nawroji Wadia Maternity Hospital, Wadia Hospital, Yerla Medical Trust Hospital, Tarachand Bappa Hospital, Dhanwantari Hospital, Shri Samasta Parajiya Suvarna Hospital, Smt.B.C.J. General Hospital, Smt.B.C.J. General Hospital, Holi Spirit Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, The Bandra Holy Family Hospital, Raheja Hospital, Gurunanak Memorial Hospital, Ramakrishna Mission Hospital, Radhibai Watumull Global Hospital, BSES Hospital, Sushrut Hospital, LH Hiranandani Hospital, Maganlal Popatlal & Sarvoday Hospital, Rajawadi Municipal General Hospital, Shatabdi Hospital, KBB Hospital, V.N. Hospital, Dr.K.B. Babha Hospital, Cooper Hospital, Bhagwati Hospital, Sion Hospital, K.E.M. Hospital Nayar Hospital, Kama Hospital, G.T. Hospital, J.J. Hospital, Sr.George Hospital.


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